Georges Gurdjeff's "Fourth Way"
Gurdjieff claimed that he developed in the teaching of the Fourth Way to have discovered the symbol in the remains of an abidingly unknown monastery of an equally unspecified Sufi brotherhood. Since Gurdjieff publicized the symbol, many other esoteric authors have picked it up and used it in different ways for psychological and spiritual personality typing.
Two Roman dicasteries, the Papal Cultural Council and the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue have with the joint document: Living Jesus Christ, The Water Bearer. Considerations for New Age from a Christian perspective , of 3 February 2003 rejected the underlying also the different Enneagram teaching of character analysis and explicitly warn against the use of these esoteric "tools" that are offered by various groups on the Internet.Rome's warning of return "of Gnostic ideas" under the guise of New Age
The Roman document reads: "John Paul II warns against, a return of ancient Gnostic ideas under the guise of the so-called New Age: We can not delude ourselves that this would lead to a renewal of religion. It is just a new form of Gnosticism that is practiced on a mentality that, in the name of a profound knowledge of God, results in distorting His Word and replacing it with purely human words. Gnosticism has never completely left the realm of Christianity. Instead, it has always existed side by side with Christianity, sometimes in the shape of a philosophical movement, but more often by assuming the character of a religion or mock religion that stands in appearance or even declared contrary to everything that belongs to the essence of Christianity' (John Paul II, Crossing the Threshold of Hope, 1994, p 90). One example is the Enneagram and its nine types of character analysis, which, when used as a means of spiritual growth, with the result of an ambiguity in the doctrine and life of the Christian faith.
Spanish Jesuit publications in this esoteric doctrine of Enneagram retard personality development. This is of little concert at all to the Catalan Jesuit Lluís Iriberri, who describes his own Enneagram teaching in the same breath as the famous Spiritual Exercises of his order's founder, St. Ignatius of Loyola. But these esoteric teachings of Gurdjieff have as much to do with the simultaneously appearing voelkisch-nationalistic and esoteric teachings of Jörg Lanz von Liebenfels as they have to do with Christianity.The distribution of the Enneagram by Jesuit teaching since 1971
The Jesuit dissemination of the Enneagram goes back to 1971, when the Chilean psychotherapist Claudio Naranjo, a leading exponent of Gestalt therapy and developers of Gurdjieff's Fourth Way at the Jesuit seminary in Berkeley, California offered an "Introduction". The event was attended by the "medium" Helen Palmer and the Jesuit Robert Ochs, who became the main promoters of this esoteric doctrine. Father Ochs was held exercises for in May 1972 in an eight-day intensive seminar with yoga and oriental exercises a more brothers of his order in the doctrine. Ochs was a student of Father Father Patrick O'Leary, Father Jerry Hair, Father Colin Maloney, Father Tad Dunne and Father Richard Riso. Father O'Leary has spread the Enneagram teaching since then at international level, religious, Father Hair teaches the Enneagram in retreat houses, Father Maloney brought the teachings to the Jesuits in Canada, Father Dunne teaches the Enneagram in connection with the "spiritual life", Fr Riso left the Jesuits and founded the Enneagram Institute, based in New York, Paris, Tokyo and Zurich.
The Jesuits not only belong to the "discipleship" of the Enneagram. A Known representative is American Franciscan Richard Rohr, author of the 1989 published book, The Enneagram. The 9 Faces of the Soul and the American Benedictine Sister Suzanne Zuercher, Secretary General of the Council Benedictine communities in the United States and Director of the St. Scholastica Academy. Both Rohr and Zuercher were "initiated" by Father Ochs in Chicago into the Enneagram theory.
Father Ochs, Father O'Leary and the Dominican Beesing Mary, OP withdrew way back a long time in order to examine the compatibility of the new "method" with the Christian faith. Sister Beesing published a book in 1984, with which she proposed a "Christian" Enneagram theory. The achievement, so it was then called from of the adherents of the Enneagram in the Catholic orders, was to have been the "cleansing" of occult elements.Jesuit Mitchell Pacwa warns of the dangers of substitute religion
In this context, the Jesuit Father Mitchell Pacwa should be mentioned, who also attended the intensive seminar in 1972 at Chicago, when the Enneagram theory initially spread. He realized the error and the danger of this doctrine. Today he is a recognized expert on as well as one of the most chief cationers against this substitute religion. He thinks it is a contradiction in itself, to say that one can "liberate" the Enneagram theory of its occult roots and "clean" to use them in Christianity. According to his experience it would be "all", who delve into the Enneagram, take the next step to practice Zen, Transcendental Meditation, numerology, tarot, astrology, or other non-Christian practices. The Enneagram does not lead away to a deeper understanding of the Christian faith, but away from it, says Father Pacwa. The Jesuit described the Enneagram teaching as "esoteric Gnostic infiltration" in the Catholic Church. As early as 1997, he warned of the "catastrophe": "No Jesuit in my class, except me, who followed the Enneagram theory is still a Jesuit. They have given up their priesthood." Father Pacwa was also consulted on the preparation of the aforementioned Roman document.
Followers of the Enneagram can be found as well in Protestant circles, including Ecumenical Working Group Enneagram the first chairman of the Protestant pastor and "Enneagram teacher" Andreas Ebert in Munich, who worked together with Rorh to publish the book 'The Enneagram The 9 Faces of the Soul'. The Franciscan, Rohr, is common in German-speaking countries, including at Pentecost 2011 for the Benedictine Abbey Münsterschwarzsach. This closes the circle back to the aforementioned Zen Master Willigis Jäger. The department co-hosted with the World Working Group meeting, the Enneagram "Whit Symposium: God has many names. Pentecost experience with Father Richard Rohr ".
Willigis Jäger incidentally, was issued a speech-writing and performance ban in 2001 by the current Pope Benedict XVI. as Prefect of the CDF. The Abbot and convent community cared so little. They stood behind their "enlightened" Zen Master, who was only restricted to the monastery, but further to the Benedictine convent where he belongs and thus only can indulge his ideas unhindered.
Text: Giuseppe Nardi
Picture: La cigüeña de la torre
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